India is the fastest developing country in the world as after the globalization took place in the early 90s there has been an increase in a number of cities which have seen a major growth in terms of employment, technology, and infrastructure. Such major cities are known as Metropolitan cities.
The city having a population of more than 10 lakhs is termed to be a metropolitan city. Better standard of living and good job opportunities are the reasons; such metropolitan cities have come into occurrence. As per the reports, there are around 45 cities in India currently, which have a population of more than 10 lakhs.
Let us look at the top 10 largest Metropolitan cities in India in 2017-2018 with regards to the population it has.
10. The Pink City- Jaipur (Population- 30.73 lakhs)
Known widely as the pink city, Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan. Jaipur was said to be founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the year 1727 who was then the King of Amer. Jaipur has seen an enormous transformation with regards to the development in the city, work opportunity and connectivity to other major states and cities of India. The tourism in Jaipur has been much diverse with regards to the inflow of many foreign tourists every year. The handicraft industry in Jaipur is most boasted for and keeps the charm of traditional India alive.
9. The Diamond city – Surat (Population – 44.62 Lakhs)
The Suryapur (formerly called as), Surat is the Diamond and textile city of India. The Diamond Business and Textile Industries have seen a huge amount of business in the city with almost 90% of the diamond is exported outside India while 12% of all fabric production in India. It is one of the most developed cities in Gujarat and is considered as its administrative capital also. Surat is rich in culture, food, and creative techniques. It is the only city to have best water treatment system to purify the waste and converting it into energy. Technology wise, Surat has installed digital water distribution and drainage system.
8. The Oxford of East – Pune (Population – 50.49 Lakhs)
The city of Pune is situated in Maharashtra and is called the cultural capital of the state as well. With industrial hub developing in Pune, the city boasts of so many migrants every year to settle down. It is called Oxford of the east because of so many educational universities and colleges in the city with a majority of the youth residing in the city. Apart from esteemed colleges, Pune has an emerging IT industry because of the industry-friendly atmosphere of the city.
7. The Manchester of East – Ahmedabad (Population – 63.52 Lakhs)
Ahmedabad is one of the most developing cities in India thanks to its growing industries and textile business. As Manchester is known for its handloom weaving, the same way Ahmedabad is known thus the name, Manchester of East/India. Ahmedabad is situated on the riverbank of Sabarmati and has seen a drastic change over the recent years. The port city has been known for its culture, historic monuments, IT industries and have been among the most industrialized cities in India. Many Multinational companies, automobile companies have their plant in the city and has a blend of culture and technology.
6. The Pearl City – Hyderabad (Population – 77.49 lakhs)
One of the core businesses of Hyderabad city is of pearls, which is why it is widely known as the Pearl City of India. Hyderabad is considered to be among largest GDP contributor in India and in Telangana with $74 billion. There are so many IT industries as well as pharmaceutical companies in Hyderabad boasting a rich industry culture. The weather all the year round is pleasant. There are several tourist places which attract tourists like Husain Sagar Lake, Golconda Fort and many more. In fact, people do not move out without having the Hyderabad Biryani of the city.
5. The Garden City – Bangalore (Population – 84.99 Lakhs)
Apart from being known for its beautiful gardens, Bangalore is also called the Silicon Valley of India due to the presence of Biggest IT Hub of the country. Around 30% of the It exports in India is from Bangalore, only indicating the massive scale on which Bangalore runs the IT business. It is reported that Bangalore contributes to around $80billionin GDP. The city boasts of great employment, as several big and esteemed companies are present in the city.
4. The Automobile Capital– Chennai (Population – 86.96 Lakhs)
Chennai city is one which is known by the multiple names among Indians like Detroit of Asia, Automobile capital city of India and Gateway to South India. The city enumerates automobile industry, healthcare facilities along with massive architectural development in the city. 40% of the automobile industries are set in Chennai giving employment to many. The capital city of South India state, Tamilnadu, Chennai contributes to $60 Billion in GDP. There can be seen a diverse economy in the city because of various industries present in the city.
3. The city of Joy – Kolkata (Population – 1.41 Crores)
The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata is among the best cities to live in eastern India. Known for its commercialisation and the culture it has, Kolkata is home to many. The cultural capital of the country is situated on the banks of river Hubly which is known for the several fights fought in India for Liberation. With so many of companies in Kolkata, the city contributes to $150 billion in India’s GDP.
2. The City of Dreams – Mumbai (Population- 1.84 Crore)
Mumbai is termed to be the New York of India as it is the city which never sleeps. The city has very fast-paced life and is known to be the financial capital of the country. It is the home to entertainment in India with presence of Bollywood in Mumbai. Situated in Maharashtra, Mumbai has diverse of industries present and have major companies headquartered in the city. There are so many tourist places like Juhu beach, Taj hotel, Siddhi Vinayak mandir etc along with tons of celebrities residing in the city which tourists come for. Mumbai contributes around $200 billion in the GDP of the country.
1. The capital city of India – Delhi (Population – 4.60 Crore)
Being the capital city of Country, Delhi is the land of commercial centers in the country. There are so many industries, private as well as public sector companies in Delhi making it the best city to live in India. The city has a modern tinge with a tad traditionalism with so many things to see in and around. It is also the getaway for various enchanting locations in North India. Delhi also is a home to esteemed universities and colleges. Delhi contributes to around $160 billion to the GDP of the country.
Going by the list, we can see that apart from a few, almost every metropolitan city stated is the state capital of India. These cities have a major contribution to the GDP and economy of the country as are having industrial hubs and commercialization. The cities have a mixture of Old city charm with the newly developed cities thus letting India progress on the path of development and become a powerful country.