Mankind is evolving and with every new invention, we are taking a step back, as more and more diseases are originating. Thanks to the advancement in technology, today we are able to cure these diseases or at least have proper medications for them. Here is a list of 10 most dangerous diseases in the world known to the mankind. The following list has been made according to reports of WHO (World Health Organisation) death rate caused by a particular disease.
Below are the top 10 Most Deadly Diseases Known To Man In The World in 2017-2018
10. Tuberculosis (TB)
TB is a disease which is caused by bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs. This can be a critical disease as some of its strains are resistant to the conventional treatments. The supply of medical care for treating TB is also limited which is one of the major reasons for its increased death rate. In 2012, WHO reported over 900,000 deaths due to TB. Today over 1 million people in the world are having TB
9. Preterm Birth Complication
World Health Organization reported over 1.1 million deaths in 2012 which were caused due to birth weight complications and prematurity. Three quarter of newly born kids die within the first week of coming into existence. This is usually caused due to the lack of medical care and backward thinking in the developing countries. These deaths can be avoided by taking small precautions in prenatal and postnatal care. Billions of kids die in the womb of their mother, due to the lack of education and medical awareness in the rural areas of developing countries.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the insulin production and its use in the body. It is categorized in two types; type 1 in which pancreas are no longer able to produce insulin and type 2, when pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin. Type 2 diabetes is often caused by poor diet, obesity and lack of exercise. Type 1 is mainly transmitted as a hereditary disease. According to WHO 1.5 million people died in 2012 due to diabetes. More than 21 million people in the world are suffering from diabetes.
7. Diarrheal Diseases
Diarrhea is diagnosed when you pass more than three loose motions in a day. It is one of the most common forms of disease. However, this can get really critical if it lasts for more than a few days, as it dehydrates the body of all fluids and salts. Food poisoning, transmitted virus and intestinal infections are one of the most common reasons which cause diarrhea. WHO reported over 1.5 million deaths from diarrheal diseases in 2012. Tragically, around 760000 children die every year from diarrhea. UNICEF reported that over 2.5 billion kids are diagnosed with the disease. Good sanitary conditions can help in eliminating the causes which can lead to diarrheal diseases.
6. HIV/ AIDS
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), which attacks the immune system of the body. HIV often leads to the development of AIDs (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) in the body, which is a sexual transmitted disease. AIDS is life threatening condition, which makes it a very chronic disease. Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR), has reported over 39 million deaths because of the disease. It is estimated that over 35.3 million people are infected with HIV, with 5700 people getting infected every day. Organization all around the world are coming together to promote protected sex and spreading awareness regarding the disease.
5. Lung Cancer, Trachea and Bronchus
These three diseases are categorized as respiratory cancers. Smoking, second hand smoke, environment toxins and air pollution are the basic cause of these diseases. In 2012 WHO reported more than 1.6 million deaths around the world, which were attributed by one of these three diseases. These cancers are responsible for causing 2.9 deaths every year in the world. People can avoid this disease by simply quitting their smoking habits and adapting a healthier lifestyle.
4. Lower Respiratory Infections
Respiratory Infections were the cause of 3.1 million deaths in 2012, which were reported by WHO. This was the reason for 5.5 percent of total number of deaths. This often causes to develop a critical case of bronchitis, pneumonia and influenza in the patient. People living in tropical regions are more prone to this disease. CDC recorded that more than 20 percent travelers seek medical help after returning to United States for respiratory infections. Packed cruises, hotels, tropical endeavors, ships cruises etc were recorded as the key factors for breaking out the disease.
3. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a dangerously progressive lung disease, which makes it hard for the patient to breathe. COPD is divided into two type, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. WHO recorded over 3.1 million deaths in 2012 which were attributed by COPD. In 2004, over 64 million people in the world were reported to be diagnosed with COPD. Tobacco is one of the main reasons for COPD, which also includes other factors like second hand smoking and air pollution. There is no permanent cure for the disease; however its rate can be slowed down, by regular medication. More than 12.7 million adults in USA are living with COPD.
A stroke is caused by the artery blockage or leaks in the brain, which results in brain cells to die because of the deprivation of oxygen. According to WHO over 6.7 million deaths were recorded in 2012 around the world due to stroke, which was the cause of 11.9% of the deaths. It is estimated by CDC that over 130,000 people die from these strokes every year in USA. About one out of four strokes occurs in people who have had a stoke before. Stroke can cause permanent damage in the bloody which can lead to disability or paralysis.
1. Coronary Artery Diseases
CAD is the most deadly disease in the whole world, which is caused due to narrow downing of blood vessels, which blocks the blood supply in the body. It is also known an Ischemic heart disease. In 2012, WHO (World Health organization) reported over 7.4 million deaths due to the disease. It was responsible for 13.2% of all the total deaths that year. According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) over 600000 people die every year due to heart diseases in USA. CAD is the most common disease in the states, which takes 380,000 lives every year. High blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol are the major factors that can cause CAD. One can maintain a lifestyle to prevent the disease however it doesn’t eliminate the risk. It is one the most painful disease which can kill the person in first heart attack, if not treated properly.
A healthy lifestyle and regular exercise is the only way of protecting the body. Prevention is better than cure. A little care about the surroundings can help us in leading a healthier life. Government is already spreading awareness against these diseases, waking up youngsters to get more active and involved with their body. A regular checkup is a necessary prevention to detect any minor or major health threat. Billions of people are dying every year because of these diseases, which could be prevented in the first place.