Dams have been, are and will always be an integral and important part of our lives. Dams are built to reserve water, control the flow of rivers and make electricity. Dams have a vast history behind them. It goes way back to the 4000b.c. It is said to be build for the first time in Egypt across Nile River. Dams are very fascinating and attract attention due to their huge sizes and working mechanism. Kallanai Dam is said to be the oldest dam which is still functional in Tamil Nadu, India.
In this article we will be discussing about the biggest dams in the world. Here is the list of 10 biggest Dams in the world:
10. HIRAKUD DAM, INDIA
It is the longest dam in the world. It is said to be located in more than 27 kilometres. Hirakud Dam was built in the year 1957. It was the first multipurpose valley project built across Mahanadi River, Odisha by Indian government post their independence. It is the oldest Dam built in India. Odisha and its tourism industry are incomplete without the visit to the Hirakud Dam. The Dam has two Minarets: Gandhi Minar and Nehru Minar. These minarets provide picturesque view to the viewers and the tourist.
In order to promote tourism and the popularity of Hirakud Dam, Odisha government has made the premises of Dam fully commercialised. The dam can be visited in the entire year. Each season adds different touch and features to its beauty. During Monsoon, the water flow at the Dam comes at its peak. Sometime the dam is closed during the monsoon in order to avoid any sort of casualty and emergency situation. During winters, many migratory birds visit this reservoir. In summer season, the ruins of ancient temples can be seen as these get merged in water during the Monsoon season.
It is said that more than 200 temples have submerged in the river due to the construction of Hirakud Dam. Mostly all the temples have submerged, but still few can be seen during the summer season. A very historical temple called The Padmaseni was recently discovered due to which the Archaeological Survey of India has come into limelight. The Dam also has “Cattle Island” which is the habitat of wild and untamed cattle. Though photography is prohibited in this area, still the memory will be etched in your hearts forever.
9. OROVILLE DAM, USA
It was built across the River Feather in California in the year 1968. The nearby Oroville Lake is the huge tourist attraction. Oroville Dam is the tallest dam in the USA. It has magnificent falls named Father Fall and the Bald Rock. The dam offer great scenic view and lots of activities like Biking, camping, fishing etc. It is the ideal place for the family picnic.
8. MANGLA DAM, PAKISTAN
It is located in the disputed region of Kashmir Valley also known as Azad Kashmir. It is built across the river Jhelum in 1967. This Dam is open for tourist under tight supervision and security. Due to its disputed issue, it was closed for the normal public. A water sport club named Mangla offers various facilities for the tourists to enjoy. Mangla dam has a capacity to produce 1000 megawatt of electricity. The construction is currently in process to increase the height of the dam by 30feet. This will increase the electricity producing capacity of the Dam by 1120 megawatt.
7. JINPING-I DAM, CHINA
Jinping-I dam is said to be the highest dam in the world. The dam is disputed, as many people believe that Rogun Dam in Tajikistan is the highest dam. Later it was destroyed in flood. The Dam is still in construction process. Hence, Jingpin-I is the highest dam in the world. It is the major source of electricity and industrialization for the country.
6. GARDINER DAM, CANADA
This dam comes under the list of largest dams of the world. It was constructed in 1967. The DAM was named after the cabinet minister- James G. Gardiner. The dam has created a reservoir named “Lake Diefenbaker”. The DAM is very popular among the local tourist as well as foreign tourist. The dams remain open for the entire week. It has many restaurants, shops and screening hall where an informative video related to the construction and other aspect of Dam is shown. Park near the dams also offers adventure facilities like camping, hiking and cycling etc.
5. OAHE DAM, USA
It is the largest dam built across the Missouri River. It is one of the largest dams in the world. The dam creates fourth largest reservoir: Lake Oahe which stretches upto 327 km in USA. It was built in the year 1968. Its Installed capacity is 786 MW. The dams attract lots of tourists due to its rich biodiversity. The Lake Oahe is the home to many species of Fish, migratory birds and endangered aquatic animals. The place is heaven for the bird watchers as many migratory birds come to this dam.
4. HOUTRIBDIJK DAM, NETHERLANDS
The dam was earlier made as a dike but it is actually a Dam. Its construction started in the year 1963 and ended in 1975. The total length of the dam is 30 km. The Dam separates Markermeer and Ijsselmeer Lake. The Dam is officially known as Houtribdijk.
3. ATATURK DAM, TURKEY
Along with being one of the largest dams in the world, it is also one of the tallest dams. Its height is 169 meters. It is originally known as Karababa Dam. It was opened in the year 1990. The dam produces 8,900 gigawatt–hours per annum. It is built across Euphrates River. The reservoir “Ataturk Lake” is spread over an area of 817 km2 with water volume of 48.7km3. Month of September- October are the best to visit the Dam and enjoy the Water Sports Festival and International sailing competition.
2. FORT PECK DAM, USA
This dam is the highest among the six dams built across the river Missouri. It is located near Glasgow. Its total height is 76 meter. The dam is spread over an area of 202 ha. It was opened in the year 1940. It creates Fort Peck Lake, which is among the fifth largest man-made Lake in USA and it is almost 200 feet (61 m) deep.
1. TARBELA DAM, PAKISTAN
The dam is located in Kyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is considered as the largest earth-filled dam. It is the fifth largest in the world in terms of Volume. The dam forms the reservoir which is spread over 250 square kilometres. It was opened in 1976. It is built across the largest river of Pakistan- The Indus river. This dam was designed and constructed to control flood, generation of hydroelectric power and to store water for irrigation. 3,478MW was the installed capacity of the Dam. The useful lifespan of Tarbela dam is estimated to be 85 years which will be completed in 2060.
In the above article we have discussed some of the biggest dams in the world. These dams have such captivating stories to tell. Above dams are splendid in their volume, area, power generation etc. In the above article, all the biggest dams in different aspects like their height, volume, power generation, construction etc. has been included. This includes the oldest, tallest, deepest and the largest dams across the world.