The tank arrived on the battlefield in the year 1916. It was first deployed by the British Army against the Germans in World War One. The tank was developed to cross no man’s land, get through fields of barbed wire and break the enemy’s trenches. It also protected the soldier from enemy machine gun fire and shrapnel from a grenade explosion. The first warfare with tanks occurred between the British and the Germans.
Tanks were powered by tractor engines and have a half inch of armor. They are also equipped with a variety of machine guns and cannons. Early tanks were very slow, often proved to be dangerous for their own crew as well as their enemy. But they were weapons of the future and were there to stay. That being said modern warfare is significantly dependent on tanks. Since the World War One, the competition over tank design has risen.
The main focused while designing tanks is on the three main characteristics which are firepower, protection, and mobility. Tanks have also become an integral part of the massive arms export market because of their value. The United States and Russia sold around $56 billion worth of military equipment last year. The more cutting edge the design the more the cost. We have listed below the ten most technologically advanced and sophisticated tanks in the world in 2019.
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Produced in: Russia
The T-90 is the only tank produced in large quantities in Russia. This tank may not be very sophisticated when compared to its Western rivals, but it is worth a mention. The T-90 has proven its technology to be cost effective. It is one of the most commercially successful battle tanks on the global market. It is also one of the cheapest modern MBTs. Because of its small size, it is harder to hit with a bomb. It also has an adequate fire control system. The new version of this model has a powerful engine. One drawback of the T-90 is that the ammunition is stored in the main compartment. Therefore, once the hull is penetrated ammunition detonates by killing the crew inside and destroys the tank.
It is also not as accurate against long-range targets that the other tanks on this list. However, the T-90 has no problem launching an anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary tanks. The T-90 lacks advanced sights with thermal vision and panoramic commander’s sight which can be a major drawback with the model.
The T-90 is currently used by Algeria, Azerbaijan, India, Turkmenistan, Russia. and Venezuela.
9. T-84 Oplot-M
Produced in: Ukraine
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine inherited a huge tank factory in Kharkov which had been producing the T-80UD. To develop their own tanks, Ukraine decided to take the T-80 design and modify its design to produce the T-84 Oplot-M. The Ukranian government heavily modernized the T-80 over the years. In the present day, it is one of the most sophisticated tanks in the world.
The Oplot has a 125mm smoothbore gun which can armor piercing and explosive ammunition. It is also equipped with laser guided anti-tank missiles. The ammunition is loaded by an autoloader. It hits targets accurately and has panoramic and thermal imaging sights.The gun utilizes a ballistics computer.
Produced in: France
The Leclerc is a French main battle tank developed by the Nexter Systems for the national. This tank is currently in the service of the UAE Army. It is a third-generation tank which is armed with a Nato standard CN120-26 120mm smooth bore gun. It also has a coaxial 12.7mm machine gun and a roof-mounted 7.62mm machine gun. The tank also has 40 rounds of 120mm ammunition. It has more than 950 rounds of 12.7mm ammunition. The tank has a maximum speed of 72km/h.
7. Type 99 (ZTZ-99)
Produced in: China
The Type 99 (ZTZ-99) is a third generation battle tank which was manufactured by the China Northern Industries Group Corporation. The tank started being available for service in the year 2001.
It has a fully-stabilised 125mm ZPT98 smoothbore gun which is equipped with an auto-loader. The tank provides superior firepower when compared to the ZTZ99. It has a steel armored hull. Type 99 has a counter measures system and smoke grenade launchers. The Type 99 (ZTZ-99) is capable of firing APFSDS, HEAT and HE-FRAG projectiles. Laser-guided anti-tank missiles can be fired from the tank. The tank is also armd with a 12.7mm anti-aircraft gun and a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. The maximum speed of this tank is 80km/h.
6. Type 10 (TK-X)
Produced in: Japan
The Type 10 (TK-X) can be defined as an advanced fourth-generation battle tank built by the famous Japanese company Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The tank entered into service in the year 2012.
The Type 10 MBT’s is known for its outstanding mobility. It is used by the Japanese army. The tank comes with a sophisticated C4I system which ensures interoperability with the infantry troops. Its hull is attached to a modular ceramic composite armor which offers full- fledged protection against rocket propelled grenade rounds, Heat projectiles, and anti-tank missiles. Its fire power comes with a 120mm smooth-bore gun, a 12.7mm heavy machine gun, and a Type 74 7.62mm cannon. Type 10 MBT comes with a 1,200hp water-cooled diesel engine. The tank provides a maximum speed of 70km/h.
5. Merkava Mk IV
Produced in: Israel
The Merkava Mark IV is the latest version of the Merkava range battle tanks developed by the Merkava Tank Office. The tank has been used by the Israel Defence Forces since the year 2004. The tank has been given the title of the best-protected tanks in the world.
The tank has a special spaced armor, equipped with an Elbit laser warning system. It has an IMI in-built smoke-screen grenades. The tank has a maximum speed of 64km/h. It is armed with a 120mm MG253 smoothbore gun which is capable of firing high-explosive anti-tank. The tank can also fire sabot rounds and the LAHAT anti-tank guided missiles. It has a 60mm grenade launcher with the fire power.
4. K2 Black Panther
Produced in: South Korea
The K2 Black Panther is a modern battle tank which is developed by the famous Asian company Hyundai Rotem for the South Korean army. The key feature of this tank is high mobility, fire power, and self-protection. It entered the market in the year 2014.
The tank’s primary weapon is a 120mm smoothbore gun. This smoothbore gun can fire advanced kinetic energy ammunition. The tank is also equipped with an autoloader for ammunition loading. It can also work on a rough terrain. It also has 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine guns. The tank has the maximum speed of 70km/h. The tank is highly mobile in the battlefield.
3. M1A2 SEP
Produced in: USA
The M1A2 SEP is a battle tank used by the US. It is also the successor of the famous M1A2 Abrams. The M1A2 SEP tank is a good mixture of technology and armor. The tank has been very successful in combat. This tank is one of the world’s most feared battle tanks.
This tank is known to provide high protection against anti-tank weapons. The tank uses advanced armor, which is reinforced with depleted uranium layers. It has a formidable smoothbore gun. The M1A2 SEP’s complex gas turbine engine offers good performance.
The tank has been used by the United States Army and has been sold to Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The only drawbacks of this tank is that it consumes a lot of fuel.
2. Challenger 2
Produced in: United Kingdom
Challenger 2 the battle tank used by the British Army and the Royal Army of Oman. It was manufactured by the British Vickers Defence Systems. This tank has been named as the world’s most reliable main battle tank. It has been used in combat Bosnia, Kosovo, and Iraq.
It has a 120mm L30 CHARM, C-axial 7.62mm chain gun and a turret mounted 7.62mm machine gun which serves as a secondary weapon. It has the maximum speed of 59km/h and provides high protection against direct fire weapons. It also has a light weight Perkins-Condor CV12 engine.
1. Leopard 2A7
Produced in: Germany
The Leopard 2A7 is one of the most successful tanks in the world. It has proven to be more successful than the Leopard 2. Qatar and Saudi Arabia had brought many of these tanks. It has additional armor electronics when compared with other brands.
The Leopard is well protected against RPG rounds and IEDs. It can fire long range because of its powerful gun and advanced fire control system. This model offers greater accuracy. The tank also has high mobility.
That was our list of some of the most dangerous battle tanks in the whole world in 2019. The technology for battle tank building is changing every day. Every major economic power spends millions on developing lethal weapons like battle tanks. With the rise in terrorism and regional tensions around the world, these tanks have become incredibly valuable.