Bridge is a solid structure which helps us to overcome the distance. The bridge helps us to avoid crowds on the big cities in the world. The bridge can connect very remote places. It has an ancient relationship with the people. We can avoid traffic problems by using bridges. Some bridges connect two continents. It may be different depending on the usage like some bridges can be used for pedestrians, some are used for cars and bikes, and some are used for trains as well.
In ancient times the bridges were made with wood. Nowadays Architects and Engineers have developed these constructions using many advanced technologies. It’s a wonderful discovery of people. Here we can see a list where there are all the famous bridges in the world.
Below are the top 10 Most Amazing Bridges In The World in 2017-2018
10. VASCO DA GAMA BRIDGE, PORTUGAL
The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Tagus River of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the longest bridges in Europe as well as in the world. It was designed by the architect Armando Rito and maintained by Lusoponte.
This is a massive 17 kilometer long bridge which was opened on 29 March 1998. The bridge is 30 meters wide and 155 meters high from the ground. The bridge has presently 6 lanes of traffic and 52,000 car crosses per day. Vasco da Gama Bridge was designed to tolerate earthquake shock.
9. DANYANG–KUNSHAN GRAND BRIDGE, CHINA
The 164,800 meter long Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge of China is the longest bridge in the world. It is located at China’s Jiangsu province and connects Shanghai and Nanjing.
The bridge was opened in 2011 and costs about $8.5 billion. Total length of the bridge is 164.8-kilometre and average height from the ground of around 100 feet. It stands on top of 2000 pillars. This is a railway bridge and designed to witness natural disasters.
8. HUMBER BRIDGE, UK
World’s eighth-longest bridge the Humber Bridge is a single-span suspension bridge located at Hessle, East Riding of Yorkshire upon Humber estuary. It was opened to traffic on 24 June 1981. East Riding of Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire is connected by this bridge.
Total length of 2,220 meters with 1,410 meters long central span. The bridge has dual carriageway with a lower-level foot and cycle path on both sides. Total cost of this project was $250,000,000 and for this reason this project was quite controversial.
7. JIAOZHOU BAY BRIDGE, CHINA
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is world’s longest cross-sea bridge in eastern China’s Shandong province. It connects Qingdao and Huangdao District of China. The bridge was opened on 30 June 2011 and the total construction cost was nearly £1billion. It was designed by the Shandong Gaosu Group and it took four years to be fully completed.
The road bridge is 26.4 miles long and 110ft wide. The bridge is supported by more than 5,000 concrete pillars across the bay. In this bridge two parallel motorways are running side by side. The bridge is designed to resist the shock of massive earthquakes, typhoons, and collisions from ships.
6. TOWER BRIDGE
Tower Bridge is located over the River Thames and is an iconic symbol of London. It is one of the most famous and recognizable structures in the globe. It was built over 120 years ago to ease road traffic. The bridge was opened on 30 June, 1894 and is maintained by Bridge House Estates, London.
Total length of the bridge is 801 feet with two 213 feet high towers. The Tower Bridge is composed of giant movable roadways that splits into two halves and lifts up using an electro-hydraulics system for passing ships. It is composed of motorway and pavement. Around 40000 people cross the bridge per day. This bridge is one of the attractions for tourists in London.
5. AKASHI KAIKYO BRIDGE, JAPAN
Akashi kaikyo bridge is famous as Pearl Bridge located at Japan connecting Honshu to Iwaya crossing the Akashi strait. This bridge is recognizes as the finest signature of Japanese engineering.
The world’s longest suspension bridge comprises of six lanes of roadway and four emergency lanes. Total length of the bridge is 3,911 meters with 282.8 meters of height and has three spans. It has the longest central span with 1,991 meters of length. It was designed by Satoshi Kashima and it took 12 years to be completed. On April 5, 1998 the bridge was opened.
4. ZHANGJIAJIE GLASS BRIDGE, CHINA
Above the the Wulingyuan area of Zhangjiajie, China “world’s highest and longest” glass-bottomed bridge has opened in 2016. It connects two mountain cliffs named Avatar Mountains of Hunan province.
This glass bridge is designed by Israeli architect Haim Dotan. The 6 meters wide bridge is 430m-long and stands 300m above ground. It is being paved with 99 panes of three-layered 2-inch-thick slab of transparent glass. This bridge is one of the greatest attractions of China. Maximum of 8,000 visitors are allowed on the bridge per day and a of 600 people at a time.
3. MILLAU VIADUCT, FRANCE
Millau Viaduct is a multiple-span cable-stayed motorway bridge that was built to connect Paris and Spain. It is situated near Millau in southern end of France. It is a signature of greatest feats of engineering. It is the winner of Outstanding Structure Award for its work. The bridge was opened in 2004.
Millau Viaduct is the highest cable stayed bridge in the world and it crosses the River Tarn valley. It is comprised of 8 consecutive cable stayed spans totaling 2460 meters with a pier and mast rising a lofty 335 meters above the ground. While driving through the bridge one can witness beautiful, breathtaking and spectacular views of the bridge.
2. SYDNEY HARBOUR BRIDGE: SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA
This arch bridge is the amazing property of Australian Government which is made of steel. In 1931 the bridge was opened first for the public. This bridge consists of 2 rail tracks, 8 lanes, 1 cycle way and pedestrians lane as well. Harbour bridge is considered as the most beautiful bridge across the world. This is the sixth longest arch bridge in the world. Government of New South Wales is the owner of this construction. It manages 160,430 vehicles daily. This bridge adds more beauty to Sydney’s feature and considered as one of the favorite places as well.
1. GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE: SAN FRANCISCO, UNITED STATES
This bridge is located at San Francisco, California and U.S. which is considered as the most recognizable bridge across the world. This bridge is one mile wide and three km long between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay. This bridge links the famous American city of San Francisco and California. Strauss has made the design of this wonderful bridge. This bridge was open for the public from 1937 to 1964. Everyday 1.10 lacks people traveled through this wonderful bridge. The conception of this bridge was not new. It was a long process conducted by American supervision. This is the topmost incredible suspension bridge in the world.
Bridges are one of the significant life lines in present day world. Today’s engineers make bridges not just to serve the purpose but also leave an impression of sophisticated thoughts and skills. Those huge constructions sometimes became iconic structures. Bridges are not only the pathway but also the signature of art and engineering.