In human’s ancient history, the city civilization has a significant presence. Not only those cities were well planned but also well protected. The ancient people built many huge walls to protect themselves and their city from various enemies and other circumstances. Many of them are standing for over hundreds of years. Those are the witness of the city’s glory and demolition. Here we are going to discuss about some greatest constructions ever.
10. Phoenician Marine Wall, Lebanon
The Phoenician Marine Wall is situated in Batroun is a coastal city in northern Lebanon. The most attractive site in Batroun is the maritime wall which was built by the ancient Phoenicians to protect them against sea storms, tidal waves and invaders.
The wall has been constructed of hard sand rocks. It is more than 225 meters long and from 1- 1. 5 metre thick. It was originally a natural structure composed of petrified sand dunes and the Phoenicians worked on it to give it the present shape with large stones. Today it is one of the most attractions of Lebanon’s ancient history.
9. Chester City Walls, England
Chester City Walls were built by Romans between 70 and 80 AD. Those walls were built to protect the city from intruders and invaders.
The wall is composed of many towers and gateways. It took almost 100 years to be completed and time to time it was reconstructed and redesigned. Mostly the wall is built by limestone with a heavy stone base.
Now a day the wall is one of the main attractions in the England and it is maintained by Chester City Council.
8. The Walls of Ston, Croatia
The Walls of Ston was in the 15th century in Croatia to connect two cities Ston and Mali Ston and it also built to protect those cities. It was built by Dubrovnik and Ston citizens. These walls are famous as the “European wall of China”.
Those walls were built in 15th century and it is the second largest wall in the Europe. The walls are 5.5 kilometre long and composed of 40 towers and 5 fortresses.
7. Hadrian’s Wall, England
Hadrian’s Wall was built by the Roman army obeying the order of the emperor Hadrian in AD 122. The wall was built to protect the Roman province of Britannia.
The wall is 73 miles long and was made by heavy stones. About 5,000 heavily armed infantrymen were engaged to build the wall took many years to be completed. It is the longest wall ever constructed in Europe and world’s largest Roman artefact. It has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site from 1987.
6. Walls of Babylon, Iraq
Babylon was a major city in ancient Mesopotamia and one of the most significant capitals of the ancient world. The city was surrounded and protected by gigantic walls. Those walls were built to protect the city from foreign invaders in 575 BC.
Those walls were about 90 kilometres long, 24 metres thick and 97 metres high. Those walls are one of the most ancient walls ever built and now it is considered as one of the wonders of the ancient times. Those walls are one of the main tourist attractions of Iraq.
5. Great Zimbabwe Walls, Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe is a ruined city and during the country’s Late Iron Age, it was the capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe. The city is surrounded by the wall. The wall was constructed by different rulers. The wall was started to build during 11th century and continues over 300 years.
Around 1,780 acres area is surrounded by the wall and the wall is made up of big stones. Zimbabwe government has adopted it as a national monument. UNESCO recognised it as a World Heritage Site.
4. Western Wall, Israel
Western Wall is located in Jerusalem, Israel. This is an ancient limestone wall built by Herod the Great in 19BC. This wall is the part of Second Jewish Temple. It is considered as holy wall to Jewish and Muslims.
The Western Wall is 1,601 feet long and 62 feet high. Many ritual practices are performed here in various occasions. It is one of the most visited sites and attractions in Israel.
3. Aurelian Walls, Italy
During the reign of the Roman Emperors Aurelian the Republican period, the wall was built for defence mechanism. It is one of the largest constructions by Roman kings. The wall was built between 271 AD and 275 AD. It has enclosed the Seven Hills of Rome.
The wall in 20 kilometres long, 10 metre wide and 20 feet in height. It is composed of 383 towers, 18 main gates, 5 postern gates and 7020 crenulations.
2. The Berlin Wall, Germany
The Berlin Wall was built by the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic from 1961 to 1989. With this wall the West Berlin was completely separated from East Germany and from East Berlin during ‘Cold War’. It was built to restrict the Western “fascists” from entering East Germany.
The wall in 96 mile long out of which only 27 mile is in between East and West Berlin. Berlin Wall is one of the most enduring symbols of the Cold War. In the evening of 9 November 1989 the Berlin Wall was demolished by German people and the incident was marked the first significant step towards German reunification.
1. The Great Wall of China, China
The Great Wall of China is the largest man made barrier ever built. It was built about 2300 years ago to protect Chinese empires from the attacks and invasions of the various nomadic tribes.
It is one of the most recognised structures and listed in the seven wonders in the world list. The wall was built by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China the Northern parts of the country. The wall is made b brick, stone, wood and it is 8,851.8 kilometres long including 723 beacon towers, 7,062 lookout towers, and 3,357 wall platforms. Over 2,600 years old wall is 21.3 feet wide and 25.6 feet high. It was believed that more than 1,000, 000 labourers were recruited to build the wall on that time.
Now a days average 50 million visitors visit the gigantic wall every year.
Those gigantic structures are not only the defence mechanism but also the evidence of great mathematical calculation and engineering. A large number of workers, engineers and various innovative tools were engaged to build those structures. Many of them are still stands with pride and that shows the sophistication and quality of those structures. Today we became astonished after seeing those walls made with minimum tools.