Fishes are one of the unique creations of Mother Nature, which is the best example of biodiversity. They are unique in shape, sizes and colour. All fishes are gill-bearing cold-blooded, scaly or without the scale, water animals with fins. There are uncountable varieties of this species (Approx 27,900), and they both live in marine water as well as freshwater.
Fishes can survive both in scorching weather and in extremely cold weather. The body length varies from 0.3inches/8m to 39 ft/12m. Here we are going to talk about world’s most beautiful fish species regarding their body colour and appearance. Just have a look, and you will be spellbound to know about the different fishes. Here we go:
Here is the List of Top 14 most beautiful fishes in 2017-2018
14. RAINBOW PARROT
A colourful marine water fish. There is rainbow like colours all over the body. It has a bird-like beak, and the name Rainbow Parrot comes from the bird-like beak. The fish uses the beak to eat small invertebrates lay in between the corals underwater. They are quite skilled in finding their prey by nibbling the coral. The colour arrangement in the body is quite vibrant with a combination of blue, green, purple and pink. The yellow dots on the body enhance the beauty.
13. LYRETAIL ANTHIAS
The fish with a unique characteristic. They born as a female, and as they are grown up, the fish turn into a male. The body colour also changes with the growth. Lyretail Anthias is a marine water fish and found in Indo-West Pacific Ocean. The body colour is a combination of blue, pink and golden colours. Males are little bigger than female. Coral reefs are there favourite place to live in. They are very active to draw out the shy fishes if kept in an aquarium. Male species are more reddish, whereas the female is orangish in colour.
12. SYMPHYSODON DISCUS FISH
Discus fishes are included under the genus SYMPHSODON, and they are inborn inhabitant to the Amazon River basin in South America. They come in different attractive colours, but among all of them, the red variety is the most beautiful with orange and white colouration on the body. A discus fish has got a compressed body like a discus from both sides with a length of 8-10 inches. They are highly social and like to move in groups. Discus fishes are very popular as an aquarium fish, and they feed on algae and other invertebrates.
11. French Angelfish
The fresh angelfish are native to the Western Parts of Atlantic Ocean and in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. The French angelfish commonly dwell at the shallow coral reef, and they like to stay in a pair. The body is painted in dark colours with yellow stripes, and the length can be up to 15 inches of full growth. They usually fed on sponges, algae and other small sea creatures. Juvenile’s body colour is black with yellow strips. French Angle is widely popular for its flesh and sold in the market.
10. DWARF GOURAMI
It’s a small species of fish especially popular as an aquarium fish. Being native to South Asian countries like India and Pakistan, it moved to different parts of the world. Dwarf Gourami lives in the shallow water source, stream, rivulet, etc. where there is a plenty of vegetation. Male species are colourful with red and blue stripes on the body, whereas the females are found in grey colour. They are grown up to 2 inches length. Algae and meat are their favourite food. By nature; they are peace loving fish and live a long life in the aquarium.
9. TRIGGER FISH
Being a native to the coastal areas of Indo-pacific Ocean, this gorgeous looking fish has an oval shaped body with a large head. It has a strong mouth to crack the shells. There is a wide variety of Triggerfish around the globe, and they can grow up to 3.3 metres. One surprising fact about this fish is their intelligence and memory. Sea urchin, Mollusks, small fishes. Plankton and algae are their favourite diet. Trigger fishes are very attractive for their body colouration with colours like red, green, and blue and yellow on various parts.
8. LION FISH
Lion fish has a beautiful colour orientation, yet they are poisonous and powerful enough to make quick movement under the water while catching prey. The outer body is decorated with colours like red, white, black and cream. They have showy pectoral fins and spiky fins which are poisonous and help them in self-defence mechanism. Commonly live in Indo-Pacific Ocean. The body length varies from 11 -15 inches and body weight up to 1.5 kgs. Though poisonous, Lion fish are popular as an aquarium fish in different countries.
7. REGAL TANG
Regal Tang is one of the colourful fish species. The outer body is beautifully painted with blue and black colour followed by a yellow tail. It has small scales on the outer skin and a pointed nose. Though Regal Tang is native to Indo-Pacific Ocean, it also can be seen at reefs of Philippines, Japan and Great Barrier Reef of Australia. Juveniles usually take plankton as food, but adults are omnivorous. On full growth, the body length is up to 12 inches. Regal tang is often used as bait for their body smell. This species is commercially collected aquarium fish.
6. BLUE FACE ANGELFISH
Blue faced Angelfish comes under the genus Pomacanthus, which is native to the Indo-Pacific ocean. They look gorgeous with a spectacular colour arrangement on their body. The small scales are dark blue colour with the yellowish green finish. The dorsal fin is yellow with blue dots on it. Due to this magnificent contrast colour arrangement, they are very popular as marine aquarium fish, and they are the most colourful member of angelfish family. The total body length of an adult fish is near about 14 inches. Though they love to live under shallow water near coral reefs, they can also found near lagoons under 82 ft deep into the water. The juveniles have vertical white and light blue lines on their body. They can live up to 10 years.
5. CLOWN FISH
There are different types of clown fish comes under the family Amphiprioninae, among which multiple colour orientation can be found in orange, red and yellow. The orange clownfish has got the most spectacular look with an orange body and white stripes all over them. They can grow up to 7.1 inches in the case of big species, and the small species can grow only up to 3.9 inches. Due to their amazing colour contrast, orange clownfish are widely well known as an aquarium fish. Clownfish live in warm water and can reproduce all the year long. Each group of fish consist of a male and female. Clown fish like to live in association with anemones.
4. MOORISH IDOL
The Moorish idol is the only surviving species from the family Zanclidae. They are native to tropical to subtropical coral reefs and lagoons. The body shape of a Moorish idol is distinct and has similarity with a compressed disc with a contrast colour combination of black, yellow and white. They take coral polyps, sponges and tunicate as their diet. They live in shallow water at depths varies between 9.8 to 590 feet.
3. BANGGAI CARDINAL FISH
This Species is an endangered species now and restricted to the Banggai Islands of Indonesia. They are very popular as aquarium fish and very peaceful in nature. Their body length is minimal as they grow up only up to 8 cm. This species can be easily separated from the other cardinal fish by some distinct characteristic. They have a tasseled dorsal fin, deeply cut caudal fin and wide anal portion. There are three black bars across the head and the body, which is very attractive to look at. The male has a deep oral cavity. Their diet consists of plankton and copepods.
2. JUVENILE EMPEROR ANGELFISH
One of the most beautiful fish that belongs to the marine angelfish family. They are incredibly decorated naturally with several shades of blue and purple colours. The juveniles are attractive with an electric blue coloured body with white circular lines. When get matured, the colour pattern changes and adult fishes develop dark black circles the eyes and yellow and the blue line across their body. They choose the places near reef as their dwelling place. They are omnivorous. Juvenile angelfish has always been the attraction for photographers and fish lovers for their brilliant colour combination.
1. MANDARIN FISH
Finally when it’s time to talk about the most beautiful fish in the world, it goes to Mandarin fish, which is an excellent and colourful creation. They are included in the family Dragonet and very popular as a saltwater aquarium fish. They are native to reefs of Pacific region. The body length is quite small and it’s difficult to identify in the wild. The body has vivid coloration with royal blue colours. There are wavy orange lines in between with a blue-greenish face with dark blue stripes. They have large pelvic fins which they use to walk on the seafloor. The male species have exceptionally elongated dorsal fin designed with orange and blue colour. They live on a mixed diet which consists of copepods, small worms, gastropods, fish eggs and ostracods.Their life span is approximately 15 years.
So, as fishes are always an attractive creature to all of us, I hope, you would enjoy knowing about some of the most beautiful fishes in the world. Keep discovering the world of stunning little swimmers.