India – a land of diversity is the largest democratic and second most populous country in the world. The country has extended to be the seventh largest country in the world in terms of area. It stretches in an area of 32,87,782 sq km and lies at the head of Indian ocean. India is girdled by the majestic Himalaya’s in the north, Pakistan and the Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal and Bangladesh in the east. The lower tip of India is washed by the waves of lazuline Indian Ocean separating it from Sri Lanka.
India covers 2.2% of the total surface area of the world while it contributes more than 17% of the world population. A land shaped in huge triangular form consists of 29 states, 7 union territories and more than 7200 cities and towns. Once Gandhi Ji said, “the soul of India lives in its villages”. You can’t deny this fact even a bit. Villages are definitely the cornerstone of India but India is blessed with some magnificent cities too which are the heart of our country.
Here is a list of top 10 largest cities in India which not only put the nation forward in terms of area but also play a major role in tourism and economic growth of the country.
10. Coimbatore: 642 sq. km
Coimbatore also known as Kovai holds the 10th position in the list of top 10 largest cities in India by area. Located in Tamil Nadu on the bank of River Noyyal, Coimbatore is renowned for its extensive textile industry. The city often tagged as the Manchester of South, is a perfect blend of all-embracing lifestyle, cultural heritage, breath-taking natural beauty and enormous trading. If you’re a nature-freak or an animal lover, you will definitely fall in love with this place. The richness of flora and fauna amplifies the grace of the city and provides you a tranquil atmosphere. Interestingly, Coimbatore is the safest city in India for Women according to the ‘National Crime Records Bureau’ (in 2015).
9. Hyderabad: 650 sq km
‘The City of pearls’ is ranked 9th in this list. The capital of newly formed state Telangana is located on the bank of River Musi. Being the 4th largest contributor of Indian GDP, Hyderabad is well known for pearl and diamond mines. Along with being a vital trading hub, Hyderabad is also a fascinating tourist destination. In 2015 Hyderabad was ranked the 2nd best tourist place in the world by International Travel Publication. Historical monuments and royal architectural wonders of the city charm its tourists.
8. Visakhapatnam: 681sq km
Visakhapatnam, holding the 8th rank in this list is the largest city of Andhra Pradesh both in terms of population and area. Often referred as Vizag, Visakhapatnam is an extremely important port city in India located between the Bay of Bengal and the Eastern Ghats. Being one of the coastal cities, Vizag has been bestowed the tag of ‘Jewel of the East Coast’ and ‘Goa of the East’. Visakhapatnam is the 10th largest economic contributor of the country. With a GDP of 26 Billion, it is the main financial and commercial hub of the state. Apart from numerous sandy beaches, the beautiful parks, enchanting greenery, and the old lofty museums also make this city a must-visit place.
7. Bhopal: 692.2 sq km
The next name on this list comes Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh. The city located on Malwa plateau, is framed by Vindhya mountain ranges in the north. Bhopal is the home to the various artificial as well as natural lakes. No wonder why this city is called ‘the city of lakes’ and the ‘greenest city’ in India. According to the Smart city Mission, Bhopal is estimated to be the first smart city of India in forthcoming years. Moreover being a land of enthralling natural beauty, Bhopal houses many national institutions too, such as IISER, MANIT, SPA and AIIMS.
6. Kochi: 732 sq km
The 6th position in this list is occupied by Kochi, also renowned as ‘the Queen of Arabian Sea’. Being the largest city of Kerala, Kochi consists of urban and its suburban areas. Located on southwest coast of India, Kochi is a major port city which is famous for the largest shipbuilding facility in the country, the Cochin Shipyard Limited. It would be worth saying that Kochi is the land of islands and peninsulas which make this city one of the most loving tourist destinations of the country. If you haven’t been to Kochi yet, please book your next tour for Kochi only because the bewitching beauty, captivating greenery and the amusing ancient European buildings are certainly going to leave you astonished.
5. Bengaluru: 742 sq km
The IT city of India comes in 5th position in this list. The state capital of Karnataka, also known as ‘The Silicon Valley of India’ is situated on the Mysore Plateau. Bengaluru, the most vibrant city in India is especially famous for its moderate climate throughout the year. Being the primary hub of many educational, research institutions and IT companies of India, Bengaluru is estimated to be one of the fastest growing Indian cities in next decade according to the Forbes magazine. In 2014, a major change happened with the name of this city when it was officially renamed to Bengaluru from Bangalore.
4. Chennai: 1189 sq km.
The health capital of India comes next in this list. It is expanded in a total area of 1189 sq km. if you want to experience traditional culture, cosmopolitan lifestyle, classic art, historic monuments, latest technology and rapid economic growth at one place, go for Chennai. Having a very distinct culture, Chennai attracts the highest number of foreign tourists in India. Chennai has been bestowed the tag of ‘Detroit of India’ because it houses more than one-third of India’s automobile industries. This makes this city to be the 6rd largest economic contributor of the country.
3. Delhi: 1484 sq km
The national capital of India is ranked 3rd in this list. Delhi is also second most populous and wealthiest city after Mumbai in India. Since ancient historical period Delhi has been a blockhouse of India. From a rich history to the vibrant culture, majestic Mughal architecture, antique exalted monuments, fascinating museum & art galleries, top-grade universities & institutions and affluent lifestyle, Delhi perfectly defines the ‘unity within diversity’ of India. Needless to say, Delhi has numerous exceptional tourist destinations. The capital city has also the highest no. of vehicles in the entire India.
2. Kolkata: 1851sq km
‘The city of palaces’ is the second largest city in the country. Situated on the bank of Hooghly River, Kolkata has been a very prominent city of India since the ancient period. The former national capital of India is a hub of culture, education, tourist spots, museums, Ports, and trading. A GDP of $150 billion makes this city 3rd largest economic contributor of the country. The city is often referred as the cultural capital of India because many acclaimed artists, Nobel Prize winners, writers, and leaders hail from Kolkata. Well-known as ‘the city of joy’ is definitely a must-visit place to explore more about our roots.
1. Mumbai: 4355 sq km
With an area of 4355sq km Mumbai, ‘the city of dreams’ stands in first position in this list. Not only this, Mumbai is also the wealthiest, busiest and the most populous city in India. Proudly referred as the financial and commercial capital of India, Mumbai houses numerous financial institutions, multinational corporations, scientific and nuclear institutes and cultural organizations. Be it the best place to cater your aspirations or a melting pot of different cultures or the soothing see breeze or the giant festive celebrations or be it the night-life of the city, Mumbai is undoubtedly the most loved city in India.
These are the 10 largest cities in India by area. Being the prime centre of education, trade, tourism, technology and culture most of these cities are also ranked in top 10 developed, richest, and most populous cities in India. Some of them are classified as Megacity while others are classified as metropolis.