The house of prayer is one of the most coveted places in any religion. It holds a significant connection between the followers and the God they adore. The mosque is the house of worship for Muslims.
For centuries, Muslims have constructed mosques around the globe as they continue to spread the word of Allah. The constructions are not only a mark of the extent they have gone to spread the word but also carry with them the historical significance for the years to come. It is for this reason among others that mosques are built to last a lifetime. They are constructed strong enough to withstand the test of time and large enough to hold the growing number of followers.
Following the culture of Islam architect, there are numerous mosques across the globe. But here is a list of the top 10 most famous and biggest mosques in the world 2021.
Table of Contents
- 10. Baitul Mukarram – Bangladesh
- 9. Jama Masjid – India
- 8. Sheikh Zayed Mosque – Abu Dhabi
- 7. Badshahi Mosque – Pakistan
- 6. Faisal Mosque – Pakistan
- 5. The Hassan II Mosque – Morocco
- 4. Istiqlal Mosque – Indonesia
- 3. Imam Reza Shrine – Iran
- 2. Al-Masjid al-Nabawi – Medina
- 1. Masjid al Haram – Mecca, Saudi Arabia
10. Baitul Mukarram – Bangladesh
The national mosque of Bangladesh Baitul Mukarram is located in the capital city of the country Dhaka. Muslim religion is the largest community in the Bangladesh country. Constructed in the 1960s, the mosque has a capacity to accommodate 30,000 worshipers in any given moment. With the growing population the mosques gets overcrowded regularly especially during the month of Ramadan. This factor that led to the government of Bangladesh creating extensions to the mosque. Currently the mosque can hold a capacity of 40,000 worshipers. It ranks in the 10th position among the biggest mosques in the world.
9. Jama Masjid – India
Otherwise known as the Jama Masjid of Delhi, it is the largest mosque in India. It is located in the Old Delhi in a busy central street Chandni Chowk. The mosque was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who also built Taj Mahal. The mosque inherited its name Jama Masjid from the reference used on the Friday noon prayers held by Muslims and hosted in the mosque. Owing to its significance and popularity, it was commonly referred to as the ‘congregational mosque’. It is one of the oldest and ancient buildings in the country having been constructed and completed by 1656 AD. It is a high capacity mosque with ability to hold thousands of worshipers at any given moment. The courtyard alone has a capacity of up to 25,000 worshipers not including those inside the mosque.
8. Sheikh Zayed Mosque – Abu Dhabi
In the eighth position among the world’s biggest mosques is the Sheik Zayed Mosque. Located in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, it is one of the newest and largest Muslim constructions in the world. The mosque is named after the founder and first president of United Arab Emirates Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Remains of this great world leader are also buried within the mosque in respect to the great world leader to whose its construction is credited. The construction of the mosque and official opening was done in 2007.
7. Badshahi Mosque – Pakistan
Badshahi Mosque is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and in the South of Asia. It ranks in the seventh position and is otherwise known as the ‘Emperor Mosque’. For a period of 313 years ranging between 1673 and 1986, it was in the first place as the world’s biggest mosque. Despite its old age, the mosque located in Lahore, Pakistan remains an epic of beauty and glamour of ancient Islam architect hence gaining a place among the biggest tourist attractions in the region. This is alongside being a known landmark in Pakistan. In its main hall, the mosque can hold a capacity of 10,000 worshipers while the courtyard and porticoes can hold another 100,000.
6. Faisal Mosque – Pakistan
Faisal mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan and in the south of Asia. It ranks in the sixth position among the biggest mosques in the world. Between 1986 and 1993, it was the world’s largest mosque. The mosque covers an estimated area of 54,000 sq. ft. considered as the national mosque of Pakistan, the mosque can hold a capacity of up to 300,000 worshipers. Of these 100,000 are comfortably accommodated within the main hall, porticoes and the courtyard while another 200,000 are accommodated in the adjoining grounds.
5. The Hassan II Mosque – Morocco
In the fifth position among the biggest mosques in the world is the Hassan II Mosque. It is located in Casablanca, Morocco. Design of the mosque was done by a French architect Michel Pinseu and construction undertaken by Buoygues. It is the biggest mosque in the worlds and ranks as the tallest mosque in the world. The construction of the mosque overlooks the Atlantic giving worshipers a unique experience of the cool breeze from the ocean. The prayer hall in the mosque can hold an approximate 25,000 worshipers. Adjoining grounds and the courtyard have a capacity of another 80,000 worshipers making the total capacity the mosque can hold to stand at 105,000 worshipers.
4. Istiqlal Mosque – Indonesia
Otherwise referred to as Masjid Istiqlal, this is a mosque located in Jakarta, Indonesia. Known as the national mosque of Indonesia, it was build to commemorate the independence of the country. It is referred as a monument for God’s blessing to the country on the independence of Indonesia. It borrows its name Instiqlal form this historic event and it is the Arabic word for independence. With its national significance, the mosque is the largest I the country and the fourth largest in the world.
3. Imam Reza Shrine – Iran
The third largest mosque in the world is Imam Reza Shrine. The complex in Iran is the home to the eight Imam of Twelve Shiites the mausoleum of Imam Ridha. Other features within the complex include a museum, a library. The Goharshad Mosque, the Ravazi University of Islamic Sciences, a cemetery, dining halls built for pilgrims and a number of prayer hall among other buildings. Other than being a religious shrine of great significance, it is one of the biggest tourist attractions hosting thousands of visitors every year.
2. Al-Masjid al-Nabawi – Medina
Otherwise referred to as the mosque of the prophet, Al-Masjid Al-Nabawi is the place considered as holiest place of Islam. Both Shia and Sunni Muslims adore the place and is considered a must visit during the life of a committed Islam. It was the final resting place of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, the founder of the religion. It is the second largest mosque in the world and one among those with the highest number of pilgrims through the year.
1. Masjid al Haram – Mecca, Saudi Arabia
In the first position of the biggest mosques in the world is Masjid al-Haram. Located in the city of Mecca, the mosque surrounds the Kaaba. This is the Islam’s most holiest place and Muslims from around the globe turn towards this place when offering their prayers. Being the grand mosque across the globe the mosque covers an estimated 990.40 acres. This includes both indoor and outdoor prayer spaces. The mosque can accommodate up to four million worshipers the largest capacity ever recorded. The mosque hosts the largest annual Muslim gatherings in the world.
Mosques are important to the Muslims. They are constructed in the historical Islam architect that easily defined their allegiance to the religion. Despite the numerous mosques in the world, they all carry some sort of significance that makes them easy to identify without the need for an introduction. The top 10 biggest mosques in the world are landmarks in the resident countries. They hold national significance alongside the religious roles. They are unique in a special way and will continue to be among the worlds greatest.