Milk and dairy products are the essential part of a balanced diet. They are a great source of proteins, calcium, and fats. Beside this, there is a large health benefit of drinking milk. They contribute to muscle growth, helps in losing weight, Reduces the Risk of Osteoporosis, and also fights diseases by making the immune system stronger.
The global milk production rate has been influenced by the dairy cattle, goats, buffalo, sheep, and cows. India is the largest milk producing country in the world. It produces more than 155.5 million tons of milk each year. It holds a share of 17% to the global milk production. Below is the the list of top 13 highest milk producing states in India in 2018.
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13. WEST BENGAL
West Bengal ranks thirteenth in the list of top milk producing states of the nation. One of the leading dairy brands, the Thacker Dairy, has its manufacturing industry in Howrah, West Bengal. They sell Curd, Farm Fresh milk, and Cold Rush ice cream. The main source of milk in the state are the buffaloes. The state produces 5.64 million tons of milk each year.
A few years back, Kerala had to rely on other neighboring states for its milk supply. Ever since the Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (KCMMF) has established, Kerala is almost self-sufficient and ha earned its name as one of the leading milk producing states in the country. The federation was established in 1980 and is also known as Milma. The state has 13 milk processing plants and it now produces more than 12.50 lakh liters of milk per day.
Karnataka is in the eleventh position in the list of top milk producing states in India. The Karnataka Milk Federation (KMF) produces an average of 50 lakh kg of milk each day. They sell their dairy products such as milk, paneer, peda, and curd under the name ‘Nandini’. Nandini is the second largest milk cooperative after AMUL. The state has 43 milk chilling and 23 milk processing plants.
Bihar registers itself in the tenth rank in the list. It produces 6.845 Million Tons of milk each year. It has the fourth cattle and buffalo population in India. In Bihar, the main milk producing districts are Bijnore, Meerut, Agra, Muzaffarnagar, Mathura, and Aligarh. The various milk products are sold by Bihar under the name of “Sudha Dairy”. It has a total of 10 Lakh Litres a day, milk handling capacity.
9. TAMIL NADU
Tamil Nadu is one among the top milk producers and suppliers and is ranked number nine in the list of top thirteen milk producing states in the country. It produces 7 Million Tons of milk each year. However, the last year has witnessed a growth of 10% in milk production in the state. It has a share of 5.31% in the total milk production of the nation.
It ranks eighth in the list of top thirteen leading milk producing states in India. It produces a total of 7.04 million tons of milk every year. The state has six milk producing plants located in different parts such as Jind, Sirsa, Ballabgarh, Kurukshetra, Ambala, and Rohtak with the total of 6.45 lakh liters a day.
It acquires the seventh position in the list of top thirteen milk producing states of India. It produces a total of 8.734 million tons of milk each year. Maharashtra Rajya Sahakari Dudh Mahasangh Maryadit (MRSDMM) is the Maharashtra milk Federation which was established in the year 1967. They sell their milk products under the name of ‘Mahanand’. The major milk producing districts in Maharashtra are Nashik, Pune, and Aurangabad.
6. MADHYA PRADESH
Madhya Pradesh is the sixth largest milk producing state in India. It has a share of more than 6% in the country’s total milk production. It produces a total of 8.838 million tons of milk each year. The Madhya Pradesh State Cooperative Dairy Federation Ltd (MPCDF) is its milk federation, which sells their milk products under the name of ‘Sanchi’. In M.P the Milk is mainly produced in Vidisha, Morena, Bhind, Sheopur, Ujjain, Neemuch, and Ratlam.
The state of five rivers, Punjab, is placed at number 5th in the list of top thirteen highest milk producing states of the country. Sahiwal, the best indigenous breed of cow is found in Punjab. It produces an average milk of 2270 kg per lactation. Punjab produces a total of 9.714 million tons of milk in a year and has a contribution of more than 7% in the country’s total milk production.
Gujarat, the land of legends is the fourth largest milk producing state in India. It produces 10.315 million tons of milk every year. The largest dairy brand of the country, ‘Amul’ is based in Gujarat. It was established in the year 1946. The company not only produces and supplies dairy products but it also gives employment to more than three million workers under itself. It has a share of 7.99% in the country’s total milk production. Its major milk producing districts include Mehsana, Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Junagarh, Kheda, Anand, Panchmahal, and Rajkot.
3. ANDHRA PRADESH
Andhra Pradesh is widely known as the ‘land of cocoa and milk’ and is one among the top three milk producing states of the country. It produces a total of 12.762. It has a share of 9% in the total milk production of the nation.
Rajasthan has gained the 2nd in the list of top thirteen highest milk producing states in India in 2018. The deserted land has a huge number of cattle and produces a net of 13.94 Million tons of milk a year. The buffaloes and cows are the primary sources of milk here. It has more than fifteen dairy cooperatives. The Bikaner Zila Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd (BZDS) is the highest milk suppliers of more than 90,000 liters of milk per day. Rajasthan has a share of 11.57% of total milk production of the state.
1. UTTAR PRADESH
Uttar Pradesh, the state of the highest population, is the top most and highest milk producing state of the India. It holds a share of 17.22% in the total milk production of the country. It has the second largest population of cattle and the buffaloes are the primary source of milk in Uttar Pradesh. It produces 23.33 million tons of milk each year. The milk producing districts of U.P area are Meerut, Agra, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnore, Aligarh and Mathura.
Hence, these are the list of top thirteen states that contributed its part in milk production of the country and made India the largest producers and suppliers of milk across geographies. These thirteen milk producing states altogether holds a share of 40% in the aggregate milk production of the world.