Coconuts are grown in over 86 countries across the globe, with an average production of 54 billion coconuts every year. India ranks at 3rd position, behind Philippines and Indonesia, in its coconut production. With the cultivation of over 13 million coconuts India is an agricultural state, which is known for its crop exports. India dedicates approximately 21 Lakh hectares of its land for coconut plantation.
On an average, the country produces 10 thousand coconuts per hectare. Coconut being a coastal crop, is mainly cultivated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, West Bengal, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Pondicherry. However, the crop is also cultivated in other nontraditional climatic regions in India, using the modern day agricultural techniques. Southern India, is known for including coconut in their daily meals and is consumed routinely, they are the largest consumers and producers of coconut, thanks to their beautiful coastal locations and humid environment.
The following states have been ranked in India, according to their coconut production in the financial year 2018.
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Over 20,000 hectares of agricultural area in Assam is dedicated to coconut cultivation. On an average the state produces over 136.61 million coconuts every year. More than 25 districts in Assam contribute to coconut plantation, of which, Barpeta tops the list by producing over 24 million nuts every year, with an average production of 12,900 coconuts per hectare. Nalbari, Golaghat and Nagaon are a few coconut cultivating regions of Assam.
Bihar produced 141.42 million nuts, in its last financial year. Historically, Bihar neither provides suitable climate nor apt soil for coconut production. However, an average increase can be seen in its overall coconut production, with each passing year. The state yields, more than 13,000 coconuts per hectare. Bihar has shown a gradual growth as a coconut producing state, which is why it stands 9th in the list.
Maharashtra has shown a drastic increase, with 15% growth in its coconut production from its last financial year. Last year the state produced over 187.47 million coconuts. Maharashtra grows coconut in over 28,000 hectares of its total agricultural land. Some of the Maharashtrian regions that have high production rate include Ratnagiri, Raigad and Sindhudurg.
The state produced over 295.03 million coconuts, in its last financial. Bhavnagar, Kutch, Valsad and Junagadh are some of most popular coconut producing districts of Gujarat. More than 31,000 hectare of Gujarat’s agricultural land is solely devoted to coconut production. The state doesn’t offer the best conditions for coconut cultivation, but due to the popularity of the crop and availability of modern agriculture technology, farmers make up for the lacking coastal environment, and manage to produce a good yield.
Odisha’s ideal climate conditions and fertile soil makes coconut cultivation perfect for the region. About 60% of the total population in Odisha is engaged in agricultural sector, which is dominated by coconut cultivation. Coconut plantation covers over 50,000 of the land in the state. Puri, Ganjam, Jaipur, Khurda and Cuttack, are few of the districts which are best suited for coconut plantation. Odisha produced 324.93 million coconuts in its last financial year.
5. West Bengal
West Bengal’s tropical savanna is a blessing for coconut plantation, which is rapidly showing an increase in its overall production every year. The state managed to produce 371 million coconuts in its last financial year. With a population of over 90 million, coconut industry still remains an important part of the state economy. Murshidabad, Midnapore, Burdwan and Howrah are some of West Bengal’s popular coconut producing districts. The state’s inhabitants are known for consuming coconut in most of their dishes, which makes it a popular food item in every household.
4. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh considers coconut as a staple commodity in their diet as well as daily routine. A large portion of employment in the state, directly or indirectly depend on coconut cultivation, be it in agricultural form, or further transformation of the coconuts as hair oil or energy drink. East Godavari is a major nucleus for coconut production in Andhra Pradesh. Recently it was classified as – coir pith, an object which is used for storing water, and is considered an important part of India’s horticultural history.
Karnataka produces 23% of the total production of coconuts in India. Being an important horticultural crop, the state contributes over 5 Lakh hectare of its land for coconut plantation. Karnataka produced over 5 billion coconuts in its last financial year. Almost 60% of coconuts produced in Karnataka, are exported to different states of the country, which include Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab.
The state was responsible for producing almost 6 billion coconuts last year. Kozhikode district in Kerala, produces the maximum number of coconuts for the state, which can count up to 940 million coconuts. Kerala is surrounded by coconut trees, which is a staple fruit. Coconut is a useful product, which can be served as a food, drink, sauce, oil etc. It is also used for manufacturing handmade or eco – friendly baskets, doormats etc, which are made using a coconut skin. The state is responsible for 27% of total production of coconut in India. Kannur, Thrissur, Kozhikode and Malappuram are some of the famous regions, popular for producing coconuts.
1. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu contributes to 31% of the total production of coconut in India. Coconut is cultivated across 4.65 Lakh hectares of land in the state, which contributed to the production of 7 billion coconuts.
Coimbatore is the largest nut producing district of the state, which yields more than 1200 million coconuts every year. On an average the state’s soil yields over 14,000 coconuts per hectare. Its Krishnagiri district’s soil, offers the maximum productivity with a yield of 18,000 coconuts per hectare. More than 25 regions of the state are devoted to coconut plantation, which together make Tamil Nadu the best and largest coconut producers of the country. It is the largest dealer and producer of coconuts and contributes most of its yield to manufacturing industries, which provides several variants of coconut.
Coconut is a staple food item, which is used in one or another form in the country. It is a crop that offers multiple uses. With the agricultural advancement, coconut plantation is also getting popular in northern region of the country. Coconut is a plant, which contributes to soil fertility and its dry form can be used to made several handmade products. Filled with nutrients and vitamins, its water can help you lead an active and healthy life. Its multiple uses and multifarious abilities, make the crop’s future seem very bright, which can’t be restrained by geographical limitations.